CPR Certification - Study Guide Excerpts
If the victim does not respond, yell for help. This way an emergency unit is en route as you take the necessary steps to resuscitate the victim. If someone comes, have him phone 911 without hesitation and also have him retrieve the AED (automated external defibrillator). An AED is simple to use and can typically do three things: 1) Recognize the heart has stopped. 2) Tell the rescuer when a shock is needed (typically a simple press of a button) 3) Give a shock after the rescuer has properly placed the pads on the victim.
Sit or kneel. Hold the baby face down on your forearm. Provide head and jaw support with your hand and rest your arm on your lap or leg.
Give up to 5 back slaps with the heel of your free hand between the shoulder blades.
Nervous system – is made up of the brain, cranial nerves, spinal cord, spinal nerves, autonomic ganglia, ganglionated trunks and nerves. This network of specialized cells allows the body to communicate between the receptions of stimuli and responds to those stimuli.
Endocrine system – consists of the pituitary, hypothalamus, thyroid, pancreas, adrenal, pineal and gonads. Glands that release hormones that effect every cell and tissue in the body.
When giving CPR you must give the victim breaths that make the chest rise. Before giving breaths, you must open the airway with the head tilt-chin lift. Your breaths give oxygen to the victim who cannot breathe on his own.
When asking someone else to call 911, make sure you tell him why he is calling. If not, he may not tell the 911 dispatcher exactly what is happening. If the 911 dispatcher knows a child isn't breathing or responding, the dispatcher will be able to provide additional assistance over the phone. Whomever calls 911, be sure that person remains calm and speaks clearly.